In general, obstetricians and gynecologists specialize in various fields from menstruation to fertility and treatment of various diseases related to the reproductive and sexual system. In fact, gynecologists are trying to raise the awareness of people, especially women, so that the risk of contracting various diseases is as low as possible.
- Pap smear test for cervical cancer test
- STI tests
- Egg freezing for IVF
Pelvic ultrasound to check internal organs and monitor pregnancy
- Infertility treatment and counseling
- Treatment of infection and urinary incontinence
- Treatment of common problems of anemia
- Breast examinations and health tests including mammography and breast cancer screening
Iran has specialized centers for the treatment of women's diseases. The costs of medical services and cosmetic surgeries for women in Iran are very cheap compared to other countries.
Tourism Angels Company provides medical and cosmetic surgery services to all health tourists. Our medical services have online support after returning to your country, and you can ask your questions to the gynecologist in the medical application at any time.
They examine and evaluate different conditions. The method of treatment is determined according to the patient's age, health and goals for pregnancy, etc. In general, some common diseases related to women are listed below:
- Some benign diseases such as ovarian cysts
- Cancers related to women such as uterine cancer, breast cancer and tumors related to pregnancy
- Some abnormalities of the reproductive system (such as heart-shaped, unicornuate, septated uteruses)
- Ectopic pregnancies in the fallopian tube
- Sexually transmitted diseases
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
It is recommended for women to see their doctor at least once a year due to age and changes over time. A healthy lifestyle and regular annual examinations are very helpful in the path of health. However, if you notice the following symptoms, see your doctor immediately:
- Abnormal bleeding (change in the volume or frequency of menstrual bleeding)
- Pelvic pain
- Genital itching
- Urinary tract or vaginal infections
- Breast disorders
- Hormonal disorders
- Abnormal cramps
- Pain during urination
- Pain during intercourse
So far, we have generally learned about the field of work of a gynecologist and we have seen that he investigates and treats gynecological diseases; On the other hand, we have seen that gynecology is a sub-branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of special patients, that is, gynecological diseases. Gynecology itself has a sub-branch that can be said to be a complementary part in the treatment of gynecological diseases, which is cosmetic gynecology and involves performing surgeries such as perinorrhoea (narrowing the vagina), labiaplasty (shrinking the outer edges of the vagina) ) and fat injection in the labia majora and vagina.
The number of diseases that specifically affect women is high. This issue makes the need for gynecologist doctors felt in many cases. In the following, we will examine together some diseases and cases that are specific to women, and the gynecologist can help women about them.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or ovarian laziness as it is known in Iran, is one of the relatively common diseases in women of reproductive age. The ovaries produce small collections of fluid (follicles) and lose the ability to regularly release eggs. In this disease, which is a hormonal disorder, women experience irregular or excessively long periods. In women with ovarian laziness, the amount of male hormones (androgens) increases. The patient experiences irregular periods, excessive body hair increases, and acne and obesity follow them. If you have any of these symptoms, you should see a gynecologist.
Cysts and fibroids are one of the diseases treated by gynecologists. The growth of unwanted tissues like this in the reproductive system can cause many pains and problems for women. Other cases, including cervical and vaginal polyps, are a subgroup of these diseases and are treated by gynecologists.
Sometimes the gynecologist comes to the conclusion that he must operate and remove the uterus, ovaries and even in some cases, the cervix during an operation called hysterectomy. In other cases, at the request of the patient or for other reasons, the work of closing the fallopian tubes (tubal ligations) and preventing fertility in this way is also done by obstetricians and gynecologists.
This is more related to obstetricians and gynecologists with a focus on childbirth. The gynecologist examines the patient's body from different aspects for pregnancy and gives her recommendations about pregnancy or not. Some of these recommendations are related to post-pregnancy and breastfeeding.
This is one of the issues that many countries, including Iran, have a dispute over. If the mother and father decide to have an abortion for any reason, including the genetic defects of the fetus or the special conditions of the mother, they should use the help of a gynecologist. Several health and scientific ways are available to couples to implement this decision.
If pregnancy does not occur after twelve months of trying to get pregnant, having regular sex and without using contraceptive methods, you can refer to Dr. Nazaei to diagnose the causes and treat them. Even if a woman gets pregnant and experiences unwanted abortions, we still see a case of infertility. Almost 15% of couples face this issue. Obstetricians and Gynecologists will help you in egg retrieval for IVF and can also help in freezing eggs. Hysteroscopy (Hysteroscopy) and Hysterosonography (Hysterosonography) procedures are also part of the work of gynecologists to treat infertility.
Uterine prolapse happens when the pelvic floor muscles become weak and are no longer able to support the weight of the uterus. An event that may lead to the descent of the uterus from the opening of the vagina. This can happen to women at any age and it is the responsibility of the gynecologist to treat it.
One of the tasks for which you can use the help of gynecologists is pregnancy prevention consultations. There are various methods of contraception and doctors recommend that couples use a combination of them.
IUD (IUD) is one of the good methods of preventing pregnancy, the use of which requires the help of a gynecologist. Inserting and removing the IUD requires the help and experience of a good gynecologist and can be a suitable alternative to other methods of preventing pregnancy such as condoms.
The most common test performed by gynecologists for the possible diagnosis of cervical cancer is the Pap Smear test. This test should be done periodically and regularly by women, and there is no other way to do it apart from visiting a gynecologist.
Colposcopy is a procedure in which the cervix is imaged using a magnifying imaging device called a colposcope. This device provides the possibility to look inside the vagina and cervix, and with its magnifying power, it allows the gynecologist to observe all natural and abnormal complications.
Menopause is one of the natural changes in women's bodies between the ages of 40 and 50. During menopause, reproductive hormones naturally decrease and women lose the ability to reproduce. Usually, if a woman does not have a period for 12 months, it indicates that she has entered menopause. Hot flashes and vaginal dryness are the main symptoms of menopause. But sleep disorders are also seen in some menopausal women.
Endometriosis is one of the female diseases. In this disease, tissues (endometrium) similar to what usually exists inside the uterus begin to grow outside the uterus. Endometriosis usually occurs in the ovaries, fallopian tubes and intestines.
Symptoms of this disease usually include severe pain and irregular periods. Treatment of endometriosis is done through hormone therapy or surgery, and doctors of obstetrics and gynecology are involved in doing it.
An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg (which is supposed to start developing inside the uterus) attaches itself outside the uterine cavity and grows there. Ectopic pregnancy usually occurs in the fallopian tubes (which connect the ovaries to the uterus) and is called tubal pregnancy. After imaging and performing the necessary tests, the doctor decides on the treatment method. This disease can be treated with medicine in the early stages. But in acute stages, it may require surgery.
It is the obstetrician-gynecologist who will tell you if you have the human papilloma virus (HPV) or genital warts. Also, HPV vaccine injections and prevention of possible HPV-related cancers are also performed by the same specialists.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is usually caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including Chlamydia. Pelvic inflammatory disease occurs when sexually transmitted bacteria reach the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. Symptoms of this disease include hip pain and fever. There is a possibility of vaginal discharge in such conditions. Gynecologist treats this disease by prescribing appropriate antibiotics.
Menstrual disorders or irregular periods can happen to women for several reasons, some of which we discussed above. Women can refer to a gynecologist for advice and treatment of all these disorders and of course other hormonal diseases (breast hair growth, lack of absorption of nutrients by the body or decreased libido). These cases are determined by hormonal tests and measurement of estrogen, testosterone and cortisol levels.
Due to bleeding during periods or uterine bleeding, anemia is one of the common diseases in women. It has been scientifically proven that with the increase in the amount of bleeding during the period, the amount of anemia in the person also increases. Anemia and iron deficiency caused by it can lead to lethargy, boredom, decrease in energy and vitality of women. Gynecologists and obstetricians help women in these cases and help women's health by prescribing medicine or giving recommendations to improve their diet.
Infections and sexually transmitted diseases are caused by unprotected sex. Of course, high sexual activity and having multiple partners can increase the possibility of such diseases. If you have sexually transmitted diseases and infections (STIs/STDs), you can seek help from a gynecologist.
This section is one of the issues related to gynecologists and obstetricians specializing in hematology. Women's oncologists have the ability to diagnose cancers, and some obstetricians and gynecologists also try to refer patients to other specialist doctors.
Women's cancer specialists help women in the diagnosis and treatment of some types of cancer, such as cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, and other types of cancer related to the reproductive system.
Labiaplasty is a female cosmetic surgery that is performed to shape and beautify the small labia (Labia Minora) or the inner edges of the vulva. A number of gynecologists and obstetricians have the ability to perform this type of surgery, and since this operation is related to the female reproductive system, it is a subgroup of women's specialty.
Many women think that they do not need to see a gynecologist if they follow certain conditions. But this is a wrong belief; Because the anatomical structure of women's body, vagina, uterus, ovaries and related matters require women to visit a gynecologist once in a while. We do not say monthly and we know that it may not be possible for women to visit the doctor monthly. But they should see a gynecologist regularly. According to the WebMD report, 80% of those who visit obstetricians and gynecologists are between the ages of 15 and 45.
It is not really possible to wrap a specific prescription for all women and say that all women should be visited by a gynecologist according to a fixed formula. This issue is completely related to age and its conditions change with the passage of time. But it can be said as a general rule that women should visit a gynecologist at least once a year and examine themselves.
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