Cardiovascular specialist in Iran


The best cardiologists / specialized heart surgery centers and specialized clinics in Iran
 

Cardiovascular specialty is a medical field that studies and recognizes the cardiovascular system and related problems. Heart-related diseases such as congenital heart and structural problems of the heart and valvular problems, etc. that occur over time. Peripheral vascular problems, including varicose veins, etc., and cardiovascular problems themselves can be treated with angiography and angioplasty. This medical specialty examines blood pressure problems and other related problems.

These problems can be diagnosed with a complete physical examination by a doctor and diagnostic tests. These diagnostic tests include advanced medical tests and imaging including MRI and nuclear scan as well as chest echocardiography, Doppler, stress echo and echocardiogram and tape. Cardiac Diagnosis of cardiac abnormalities Relevant measures are performed. After diagnosis of medication and diet or if necessary, surgical procedures are performed.

Cardiovascular problems can be done in two branches of medicine: cardiac surgery and internal cardiac surgery. And according to the relevant problem, which requires surgical or medical measures, etc., the relevant inpatient service is selected.

Surgical procedures include: valve replacement, graft or vessel and heart transplant, vascular surgery, etc.

Internal measures of the heart: initial examination and diagnosis, regulation of blood pressure problems, etc.

These patients are admitted to special cardiac wards if they need regular checkups, otherwise they are admitted to normal heart and internal medicine wards.

Patients are given the necessary training to follow up on treatment and education on medication and diet and lifestyle.

MAC Remedy treatment group has a free consultation before your arrival in the country and the initial diagnosis and presentation of treatment methods and explanation of the treatment process for the desired problems.

The most important issues in heart disease is cardiac rehabilitation of patients that after heart attacks and heart failure, etc., the patient has the ability to live and function close to his previous condition before the disease, which is in medical centers under the supervision of the company MAC Remedy operate has made it possible to track your quality of life even after discharge for free due to the presence of trained medical staff.

 

Cardiovascular treatment process in Iran:

1. Fill in the initial application form and sign the pre-contract

2. Contact the treating physician and medical expert

3- Forming a digital file and sending medical records, drugs, tests, ECG and chest photos in the country of origin

4- Preparing tickets and visas and necessary measures to go to Iran

5- Welcoming and accommodating the patient in the hospital and concluding a face-to-face contract

6- Performing diagnostic and therapeutic measures in the medical center

7- Visiting tourist and recreational facilities upon request

8- Training to follow up on medical affairs through digital profiles and paper brochures for post-medical care

9- Preparing a ticket and taking the necessary measures to return to the country of origin

 

Cardiovascular treatment cost in Iran

Cardiovascular treatment in Iran

 

Cost(dollar USA $)

Full cardiac checkup

200

PET Scan

700

CT.Angioghraphy

350

Cardiac MRI

350

Cardiac coronary calcium scan

800

Bypass.Angiography

1150

Angiography and angioplasty

1800-2250

Brain coronary calcium scan

950

Catheter ablation(2800k)

2200

Catheter ablation(4500k)

3000

Implantation pace maker with machine

1900-2200

CRT D With the machine

5800

CABG

4000-5500

AVR OR MVR

4500-6000

CABG AND AVR

4500-5500

TAVI

6000

 

Types of heart diseases

Heart diseases are a wide range of diseases, the most important of which are:

Blood vessel diseases such as coronary artery disease (blockage of blood vessels)

Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmia)

Congenital heart defects

Heart valve disease

Heart muscle disease

Heart infections

 

Symptoms of heart diseases

Symptoms of heart disease depend on the type of heart disease. In this part of the article, the symptoms of heart diseases are described according to the disease:

 

Symptoms of heart diseases caused by blood vessel blockage

Accumulation of fatty deposits in arteries, which is also known as atherosclerosis, can damage blood vessels and heart muscle. Accumulation of fat causes narrowing or blocking of blood vessels, which ultimately leads to consequences such as chest pain (angina) and heart attack. Symptoms of coronary artery disease may be different in men and women. For example, chest pain occurs more in men, but in women other signs and symptoms such as shortness of breath, nausea and extreme fatigue are seen. Signs and symptoms of coronary artery disease include the following:

Chest pain, pressure and tightness in the chest (angina)

Shortness of breath

Pain, numbness, weakness, or coldness in the feet or hands

Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back

Sometimes the symptoms do not appear until a heart attack occurs and it is not possible to detect a heart attack earlier. Of course, it is possible to detect all kinds of heart diseases in the early stages by performing regular checkup tests (including CPK test) and periodically.

 

Symptoms of heart diseases caused by cardiac arrhythmia

In such diseases, the heartbeat may be too fast, too slow or irregular. Signs and symptoms of cardiac arrhythmia include the following:

Feeling of pressure in the chest

fast heart rate (tachycardia)

slow heart rate (bradycardia)

Chest pain or discomfort

Shortness of breath

Lightheadedness and dizziness

Fainting and fainting

 

Symptoms of heart disease caused by birth defects

These types of heart defects are present from birth. Signs and symptoms of heart failure in children include the following:

Pale blue color of the skin and nails (cyanosis)

Swelling in the legs, abdomen, or areas around the eyes

Shortness of breath during feeding and poor baby weight gain

 

Less severe birth defects are usually not diagnosed until late childhood or adulthood. Signs and symptoms of congenital heart defects that are not life-threatening include:

Shortness of breath during exercise or strenuous activity

Rapid fatigue during exercise or physical activity

Swelling in hands and feet

 

Symptoms of heart disease caused by heart muscle damage (cardiomyopathy)

In the early stages of cardiomyopathy, there may be no symptoms, but as the condition worsens, the following symptoms may appear:

Shortness of breath during activity or at rest

Swelling of hands and feet

Tiredness more than usual

Irregular heartbeat and palpitations

Dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting

 

Symptoms of heart disease caused by heart infection (endocarditis)

Endocarditis is an infection that affects the inner lining of the heart and the heart valves (endocardium). Signs and symptoms of a heart infection include the following:

Fever

Shortness of breath

Weakness and fatigue

Swelling in the leg or abdomen

Changes in heart rhythm

Dry or persistent cough

Rashes and abnormal spots

 

Symptoms of heart disease caused by heart valve problems

The heart has four valves. The four valves of the heart move the blood flow properly in the heart by opening regularly. In order to work properly, the valve must be fully opened and closed tightly to prevent leakage and failure. The types of heart valves are:

Three-year-old

Mitral valve

pulmonary

aortic valve

 

Many factors can damage the heart valves and cause them to narrow, leak, or close improperly (prolapse). Depending on which valve is malfunctioning, signs and symptoms of valvular heart disease include:

tiredness

Shortness of breath

Irregular heartbeat

Swollen hands and feet

Chest pain

Fainting and fainting

 

What is the cause of heart disease?

The cause of heart diseases depends on the type of disease. There are different types of heart disease. To understand the cause of heart diseases, you first need to have a general understanding of how the heart works. The heart is a fist-sized muscular organ located in the center of the left-leaning chest that acts like a pump. The heart is divided into two parts, right and left.

 

The right side of the heart contains the atrium and right ventricle, and collects blood through the arteries and pumps it to the lungs.

Oxygen is injected into the blood entering the lungs and carbon dioxide is removed

Then the oxygen-rich blood enters the left side of the heart, i.e. the atrium and left ventricle

Finally, the left side of the heart pumps blood into the largest artery of the body (aorta) to deliver oxygen and nutrients to tissues throughout the body.

 

heart beat

The heart contracts and relaxes in a constant cycle. During contraction (systole), the ventricles of the heart squeeze tightly and pump blood into the pulmonary veins and aorta. During relaxation (diastole), the ventricles fill with blood. This blood enters the heart from the upper chambers, i.e. the left and right atrium.

 

The electrical system of the heart

The electrical system is responsible for the beating of the heart and is actually responsible for powering this natural pump. Electrical signals start in the right atrium and travel to the ventricles through specific pathways. This system keeps the heartbeat in a harmonious and natural rhythm and maintains normal blood flow for years.

 

Cause of coronary artery disease (occlusion of blood vessels)

Accumulation of fatty deposits in the arteries (atherosclerosis) is the most common cause of coronary artery disease. Unhealthy lifestyle such as poor diet, lack of exercise, overweight and smoking can lead to atherosclerosis.

 

Cause of heart arrhythmia:

Coronary Artery Disease

diabetes

drug use

Alcohol consumption or excessive caffeine consumption

Congenital heart defects

high blood pressure

smoking

Side effects of some medicines, nutritional supplements and herbal medicines

Valvular disorders of the heart

 

In healthy individuals with normal hearts, arrhythmias rarely occur without an external stimulus unless factors such as electric shock or drug use are involved. But in people with heart diseases, the electrical signals may lose their initial function at some point and arrhythmias may occur.

 

Cause of congenital heart defects

Congenital defects are formed during pregnancy and can be detected at birth. These types of heart defects usually occur during the development of the heart, i.e. about one month after conception. Some underlying diseases, side effects of some drugs and genetic defects play a role in causing heart defects.

 

The cause of cardiac cardiomyopathy

The cause of cardiomyopathy is the thickening or enlargement of the heart muscle and it is divided into different types:

 

Dilated cardiomyopathy

It is the most common type of cardiomyopathy, which causes abnormal expansion of the left ventricle. Dilated cardiomyopathy may be caused by reduced blood flow to the heart after a heart attack, various infections, toxins, and certain medications, including those used to treat cancer. It is also possible that this disease is hereditary.

 

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

 This type is usually inherited. It may also be caused by aging and high blood pressure.

 

Cause of heart infection

Infections, such as endocarditis, occur when germs enter the heart muscle. The most common causes of infectious heart diseases are:

bacterias

viruses

Parasites

 

The cause of valvular heart disease

Many factors affect the occurrence of valvular heart disease. It is also possible that it is congenital or it may be caused by the following conditions:

Rheumatic fever

Types of heart infections (infective endocarditis)

Connective tissue disorders

Risk factors in heart diseases

By knowing the risk factors of heart disease, you can help prevent heart attacks. Some of these risk factors are:

 

Age: Increasing age increases the risk of vascular damage such as clogging, weakening of the wall and thickening of the heart muscle.

Gender: Men are generally more at risk of heart disease than women

Family history: A family history of heart disease increases the risk of developing coronary artery disease. This correlation will be stronger if the parents were diagnosed with heart disease at a young age (before age 55).

Smoking: Nicotine in cigarettes hardens blood vessels and carbon monoxide also damages their inner lining. Such changes make a person prone to atherosclerosis. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in non-smokers

Improper diet: A diet rich in fat, salt, sugar and cholesterol has a destructive effect on the occurrence of heart diseases

High blood pressure: Uncontrolled blood pressure can lead to hardening and thickening of the arteries in the body. Such changes make the arteries narrow and inflexible, and the person is prone to heart attack

High cholesterol levels: High blood cholesterol levels can increase the risk of fatty deposits and atherosclerosis

Diabetes: Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease

Obesity: Being overweight and having a high body mass index (BMI) is usually considered as one of the risk factors for heart diseases.

Inactivity: lack of exercise in the daily schedule is related to many types of heart diseases

Stress: Chronic stress and anxiety are destructive and damaging factors to heart arteries

Lack of oral and dental hygiene: If the teeth and gums become infected, microbes can enter the blood stream and enter the heart and cause endocarditis.

 

What are the complications of heart diseases?

Heart failure

One of the most common complications of heart diseases is heart failure, and it occurs when the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body. Heart failure can be caused by birth defects, cardiovascular disease, valvular heart disease, heart infection, or cardiomyopathy.

 

heart attack

A blood clot that blocks blood flow to the heart causes a heart attack and damage to the heart muscle.

 

stroke

Risk factors that lead to cardiovascular disease can also lead to stroke. This condition occurs when the arteries in the brain are narrowed or blocked so that very little blood reaches the brain.

 

Aneurysm

A serious complication that may occur in any part of the body. An aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of a vessel, and if it ruptures, it can cause serious internal bleeding.

 

Peripheral arterial diseases

When a person has peripheral artery disease, their organs, especially the legs, do not receive enough blood flow, causing symptoms such as pain when walking.

 

Heart failure

Cardiac arrest means the sudden and unexpected loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness, which is often caused by arrhythmia.

 

Diagnosis of heart diseases

In order to diagnose heart diseases, first a clinical examination is performed by a doctor and then questions are asked about the person's medical history. The tests that are prescribed to diagnose heart disease depend on the symptoms and the doctor's diagnosis. The most common tests used to diagnose heart disease are as follows:

Electrocardiogram (ECG): In an electrocardiogram test, the electrical signals of the heart are recorded. With this, abnormal heart rhythms can be detected

Holter monitoring: A Holter is a portable electrocardiogram device that is used to continuously record heart rhythms, usually between 24 and 72 hours.

Echocardiogram: In this non-invasive test, sound waves are used to produce detailed images of the structure of the heart

Stress test (exercise test): In this test, parameters such as heart rate and blood pressure are evaluated to check heart function during exercise.

Cardiac catheterization: In the catheterization method, a short tube is placed in a vein or artery in the groin or arm. Using X-ray images displayed on the monitor, the doctor carefully passes the catheter through the vein until it reaches the heart and reveals the blockage.

Computed tomography (CT): In a CT scan of the heart, you lie on a bed inside an imaging machine. An x-ray machine inside the machine moves around your body and takes pictures of your heart and chest.

Cardiac MRI (MRI): This method uses a magnetic field and generated radio waves to create detailed images of the heart.