The best cardiologists / specialized heart surgery centers and specialized clinics in Iran
Cardiovascular specialty is a medical field that studies and recognizes the cardiovascular system and related problems. Heart-related diseases such as congenital heart and structural problems of the heart and valvular problems, etc. that occur over time. Peripheral vascular problems, including varicose veins, etc., and cardiovascular problems themselves can be treated with angiography and angioplasty.
These problems can be diagnosed with a complete physical examination by a doctor and diagnostic tests. These diagnostic tests include advanced medical tests and imaging including MRI and nuclear scan as well as chest echocardiography, Doppler, stress echo and echocardiogram and tape. Cardiac Diagnosis of cardiac abnormalities Relevant measures are performed. After diagnosis of medication and diet or if necessary, surgical procedures are performed.
Cardiovascular problems can be done in two branches of medicine: cardiac surgery and internal cardiac surgery. And according to the relevant problem, which requires surgical or medical measures, etc., the relevant inpatient service is selected.
Surgical procedures include: valve replacement, graft or vessel and heart transplant, vascular surgery, etc.
Internal measures of the heart: initial examination and diagnosis, regulation of blood pressure problems, etc.
These patients are admitted to special cardiac wards if they need regular checkups, otherwise they are admitted to normal heart and internal medicine wards.
Patients are given the necessary training to follow up on treatment and education on medication and diet and lifestyle.
MAC Remedy treatment group has a free consultation before your arrival in the country and the initial diagnosis and presentation of treatment methods and explanation of the treatment process for the desired problems.
The most important issues in heart disease is cardiac rehabilitation of patients that after heart attacks and heart failure, etc., the patient has the ability to live and function close to his previous condition before the disease, which is in medical centers under the supervision of the company MAC Remedy operate has made it possible to track your quality of life even after discharge for free due to the presence of trained medical staff.
Cardiovascular treatment process in Iran:
1. Fill in the initial application form and sign the pre-contract
2. Contact the treating physician and medical expert
3- Forming a digital file and sending medical records, drugs, tests, ECG and chest photos in the country of origin
4- Preparing tickets and visas and necessary measures to go to Iran
5- Welcoming and accommodating the patient in the hospital and concluding a face-to-face contract
6- Performing diagnostic and therapeutic measures in the medical center
7- Visiting tourist and recreational facilities upon request
8- Training to follow up on medical affairs through digital profiles and paper brochures for post-medical care
9- Preparing a ticket and taking the necessary measures to return to the country of origin
Cardiovascular treatment cost in Iran
Cardiovascular treatment in Iran
Cost(dollar USA $)
Full cardiac checkup
Cardiac coronary calcium scan
Angiography and angioplasty
Brain coronary calcium scan
Implantation pace maker with machine
CRT D With the machine
AVR OR MVR
CABG AND AVR
Types of heart diseases
Heart diseases are a wide range of diseases, the most important of which are:
Blood vessel diseases such as coronary artery disease (blockage of blood vessels)
Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmia)
Congenital heart defects
Heart valve disease
Heart muscle disease
Symptoms of heart diseases
Symptoms of heart disease depend on the type of heart disease. In this part of the article, the symptoms of heart diseases are described according to the disease:
Symptoms of heart diseases caused by blood vessel blockage
Accumulation of fatty deposits in arteries, which is also known as atherosclerosis, can damage blood vessels and heart muscle. Accumulation of fat causes narrowing or blocking of blood vessels, which ultimately leads to consequences such as chest pain (angina) and heart attack. Symptoms of coronary artery disease may be different in men and women. For example, chest pain occurs more in men, but in women other signs and symptoms such as shortness of breath, nausea and extreme fatigue are seen. Signs and symptoms of coronary artery disease include the following:
Chest pain, pressure and tightness in the chest (angina)
Shortness of breath
Pain, numbness, weakness, or coldness in the feet or hands
Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back
Sometimes the symptoms do not appear until a heart attack occurs and it is not possible to detect a heart attack earlier. Of course, it is possible to detect all kinds of heart diseases in the early stages by performing regular checkup tests (including CPK test) and periodically.
Symptoms of heart diseases caused by cardiac arrhythmia
In such diseases, the heartbeat may be too fast, too slow or irregular. Signs and symptoms of cardiac arrhythmia include the following:
Feeling of pressure in the chest
fast heart rate (tachycardia)
slow heart rate (bradycardia)
Chest pain or discomfort
Shortness of breath
Lightheadedness and dizziness
Fainting and fainting
Symptoms of heart disease caused by birth defects
These types of heart defects are present from birth. Signs and symptoms of heart failure in children include the following:
Pale blue color of the skin and nails (cyanosis)
Swelling in the legs, abdomen, or areas around the eyes
Shortness of breath during feeding and poor baby weight gain
Less severe birth defects are usually not diagnosed until late childhood or adulthood. Signs and symptoms of congenital heart defects that are not life-threatening include:
Shortness of breath during exercise or strenuous activity
Rapid fatigue during exercise or physical activity
Swelling in hands and feet
Symptoms of heart disease caused by heart muscle damage (cardiomyopathy)
In the early stages of cardiomyopathy, there may be no symptoms, but as the condition worsens, the following symptoms may appear:
Shortness of breath during activity or at rest
Swelling of hands and feet
Tiredness more than usual
Irregular heartbeat and palpitations
Dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting
Symptoms of heart disease caused by heart infection (endocarditis)
Endocarditis is an infection that affects the inner lining of the heart and the heart valves (endocardium). Signs and symptoms of a heart infection include the following:
Shortness of breath
Weakness and fatigue
Swelling in the leg or abdomen
Changes in heart rhythm
Dry or persistent cough
Rashes and abnormal spots
Symptoms of heart disease caused by heart valve problems
The heart has four valves. The four valves of the heart move the blood flow properly in the heart by opening regularly. In order to work properly, the valve must be fully opened and closed tightly to prevent leakage and failure. The types of heart valves are:
Many factors can damage the heart valves and cause them to narrow, leak, or close improperly (prolapse). Depending on which valve is malfunctioning, signs and symptoms of valvular heart disease include:
Shortness of breath
Swollen hands and feet
Fainting and fainting
What is the cause of heart disease?
The cause of heart diseases depends on the type of disease. There are different types of heart disease. To understand the cause of heart diseases, you first need to have a general understanding of how the heart works. The heart is a fist-sized muscular organ located in the center of the left-leaning chest that acts like a pump. The heart is divided into two parts, right and left.
The right side of the heart contains the atrium and right ventricle, and collects blood through the arteries and pumps it to the lungs.
Oxygen is injected into the blood entering the lungs and carbon dioxide is removed
Then the oxygen-rich blood enters the left side of the heart, i.e. the atrium and left ventricle
Finally, the left side of the heart pumps blood into the largest artery of the body (aorta) to deliver oxygen and nutrients to tissues throughout the body.
The heart contracts and relaxes in a constant cycle. During contraction (systole), the ventricles of the heart squeeze tightly and pump blood into the pulmonary veins and aorta. During relaxation (diastole), the ventricles fill with blood. This blood enters the heart from the upper chambers, i.e. the left and right atrium.
The electrical system of the heart
The electrical system is responsible for the beating of the heart and is actually responsible for powering this natural pump. Electrical signals start in the right atrium and travel to the ventricles through specific pathways. This system keeps the heartbeat in a harmonious and natural rhythm and maintains normal blood flow for years.
Cause of coronary artery disease (occlusion of blood vessels)
Accumulation of fatty deposits in the arteries (atherosclerosis) is the most common cause of coronary artery disease. Unhealthy lifestyle such as poor diet, lack of exercise, overweight and smoking can lead to atherosclerosis.
Cause of heart arrhythmia:
Coronary Artery Disease
Alcohol consumption or excessive caffeine consumption
Congenital heart defects
high blood pressure
Side effects of some medicines, nutritional supplements and herbal medicines
Valvular disorders of the heart
In healthy individuals with normal hearts, arrhythmias rarely occur without an external stimulus unless factors such as electric shock or drug use are involved. But in people with heart diseases, the electrical signals may lose their initial function at some point and arrhythmias may occur.
Cause of congenital heart defects
Congenital defects are formed during pregnancy and can be detected at birth. These types of heart defects usually occur during the development of the heart, i.e. about one month after conception. Some underlying diseases, side effects of some drugs and genetic defects play a role in causing heart defects.
The cause of cardiac cardiomyopathy
The cause of cardiomyopathy is the thickening or enlargement of the heart muscle and it is divided into different types:
It is the most common type of cardiomyopathy, which causes abnormal expansion of the left ventricle. Dilated cardiomyopathy may be caused by reduced blood flow to the heart after a heart attack, various infections, toxins, and certain medications, including those used to treat cancer. It is also possible that this disease is hereditary.
This type is usually inherited. It may also be caused by aging and high blood pressure.
Cause of heart infection
Infections, such as endocarditis, occur when germs enter the heart muscle. The most common causes of infectious heart diseases are:
The cause of valvular heart disease
Many factors affect the occurrence of valvular heart disease. It is also possible that it is congenital or it may be caused by the following conditions:
Types of heart infections (infective endocarditis)
Connective tissue disorders
Risk factors in heart diseases
By knowing the risk factors of heart disease, you can help prevent heart attacks. Some of these risk factors are:
Age: Increasing age increases the risk of vascular damage such as clogging, weakening of the wall and thickening of the heart muscle.
Gender: Men are generally more at risk of heart disease than women
Family history: A family history of heart disease increases the risk of developing coronary artery disease. This correlation will be stronger if the parents were diagnosed with heart disease at a young age (before age 55).
Smoking: Nicotine in cigarettes hardens blood vessels and carbon monoxide also damages their inner lining. Such changes make a person prone to atherosclerosis. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in non-smokers
Improper diet: A diet rich in fat, salt, sugar and cholesterol has a destructive effect on the occurrence of heart diseases
High blood pressure: Uncontrolled blood pressure can lead to hardening and thickening of the arteries in the body. Such changes make the arteries narrow and inflexible, and the person is prone to heart attack
High cholesterol levels: High blood cholesterol levels can increase the risk of fatty deposits and atherosclerosis
Diabetes: Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease
Obesity: Being overweight and having a high body mass index (BMI) is usually considered as one of the risk factors for heart diseases.
Inactivity: lack of exercise in the daily schedule is related to many types of heart diseases
Stress: Chronic stress and anxiety are destructive and damaging factors to heart arteries
Lack of oral and dental hygiene: If the teeth and gums become infected, microbes can enter the blood stream and enter the heart and cause endocarditis.
What are the complications of heart diseases?
One of the most common complications of heart diseases is heart failure, and it occurs when the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body. Heart failure can be caused by birth defects, cardiovascular disease, valvular heart disease, heart infection, or cardiomyopathy.
A blood clot that blocks blood flow to the heart causes a heart attack and damage to the heart muscle.
Risk factors that lead to cardiovascular disease can also lead to stroke. This condition occurs when the arteries in the brain are narrowed or blocked so that very little blood reaches the brain.
A serious complication that may occur in any part of the body. An aneurysm is a bulge in the wall of a vessel, and if it ruptures, it can cause serious internal bleeding.
Peripheral arterial diseases
When a person has peripheral artery disease, their organs, especially the legs, do not receive enough blood flow, causing symptoms such as pain when walking.
Cardiac arrest means the sudden and unexpected loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness, which is often caused by arrhythmia.
Diagnosis of heart diseases
In order to diagnose heart diseases, first a clinical examination is performed by a doctor and then questions are asked about the person's medical history. The tests that are prescribed to diagnose heart disease depend on the symptoms and the doctor's diagnosis. The most common tests used to diagnose heart disease are as follows:
Electrocardiogram (ECG): In an electrocardiogram test, the electrical signals of the heart are recorded. With this, abnormal heart rhythms can be detected
Holter monitoring: A Holter is a portable electrocardiogram device that is used to continuously record heart rhythms, usually between 24 and 72 hours.
Echocardiogram: In this non-invasive test, sound waves are used to produce detailed images of the structure of the heart
Stress test (exercise test): In this test, parameters such as heart rate and blood pressure are evaluated to check heart function during exercise.
Cardiac catheterization: In the catheterization method, a short tube is placed in a vein or artery in the groin or arm. Using X-ray images displayed on the monitor, the doctor carefully passes the catheter through the vein until it reaches the heart and reveals the blockage.
Computed tomography (CT): In a CT scan of the heart, you lie on a bed inside an imaging machine. An x-ray machine inside the machine moves around your body and takes pictures of your heart and chest.
Cardiac MRI (MRI): This method uses a magnetic field and generated radio waves to create detailed images of the heart.